This information is ©
The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow 2018
"Landscape in Holland" c.1665
CRE KONINCK, Philips; (Dutch; 1619-1688) ATTR REMBRANDT, Harmensz van Rijn; (Dutch; 1606-1669)
oil on canvas
116.8 x 155.0 sight
161.0 x 201.0
Pipa Mason (27/07/1990): French, Louis XIV, carved and gilded running pattern frame.
GERSON, Horst 1936 Philips Koninck, Ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der Hollandischen Malerie des XVII. Jahrhunderts. Berlin, Gebr. Mann, 1936
This is an outstanding example of Koninck's speciality: extensive panoramic views of Holland seen from an elevated position. This was probably one of the first major old masters that Hunter purchased, as a Rembrandt in 1756. Philips Koninck was the leading exponent of the panoramic landscape in Amsterdam in the time of Rembrandt. He trained with his brother Jacob Koninck in 1640, and was therefore probably not earlier a pupil of Rembrandt as stated by Houbraken. However, Koninck was a wealthy and well-connected figure and friend of the great poet Joost van den Vondel (1587-1679).
Landscape painting became popular in Holland at a time of economic growth, among a devout and contemplative people who had turned away from religious imagery. On a large (and vivid) scale, and with no specific topographical references, Koninck confronts the viewer with the whole phenomenon of the flat and watery Dutch landscape. His focus is always the horizon, through which no part of the land obtrudes. The eye is led up the image, from the foreground hillock across the river plain, principally guided by the light, although some lines of trees, and the meandering river, create a logical movement towards the horizon. This use of "aerial perspective", the alternating pattern of sunlight and cloud shadow so influential on later painters, notably Constable, is the extraordinary and original contribution of landscape painters like Koninck and Ruysdael in this period.
Hunter bought this painting as a Rembrandt, at a time when Rembrandt's work was becoming extremely expensive. (Koninck's drawings are closer in style to Rembrandt than his paintings.) Originally the foliage, particularly in the foreground, would have been a richer warmer green. The colours have changed due to the fading of a fugitive yellow pigment in the glazes.
Bequeathed by Dr William Hunter, 1783
LANDSCAPE : HOLLAND : FIGURE : BOAT : TOWN : PANORAMA : GELDERLAND : HUNTER 2007 : NIRP2005 : ON DISPLAY :