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The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow 2017
Design for Liverpool Anglican Cathedral competition: south elevation 1903
DES MACKINTOSH, Charles Rennie; (Scottish; 1868-1928)
ink and wash on paper mounted on board
61.8 x 91.5
s. and inscr. b.r. "Honeyman Keppie & Mackintosh. / 140 BATH STREET GLASGOW"; inscr. b.l. "SOUTH ELEVATION"; inscr. t.l. "DESIGN No 2"; inscr. t.r. "No. 3."
The establishment of a diocese in Liverpool in 1880 prompted the need for a cathedral. An indecisive first competition took place in 1886 and the second competition was launched in 1902. Architects were invited to submit portfolios of ecclesiastical work or preliminary design schemes. The twenty one year old Giles Gilbert Scott was the winner. However, the competition had been fraught with problems and the result prompted a lively debate in the architectural press, particularly over the refusal of the preferred 1886 design by William Emerson, the decision to hold an open competition and the selection of the preferred 'Gothic' style. Mackintosh's design was published in 'The British Architect' on 13 March 1903; it was highly commended by assessors and received a favourable review, although not chosen by the Committee.
Mackintosh's designs present an imposing building enriched with free Gothic window tracery, in which his favourite tree and plant motifs are present. He also employed concentrated areas of figure sculpture.
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN : LIVERPOOL ANGLICAN CATHEDRAL : COMPETITION : ELEVATION : CRM ONLINE : :